Enteral Nutrition (EN)
This may be required when a patient is unable to take adequate amounts of food and drink by mouth. Feed is then delivered by a tube either into the stomach or small bowel (jejunum). Further information on enteral feeding can be found on the PINNT website. PINNT is a support group for people receiving artificial nutrition and is one of the Core Groups of BAPEN.
Parenteral Nutrition (PN)
This is only required if a patient is unable to absorb nutrition through their gut. Nutrients are given directly into a vein. In most cases this is given whilst a patient is in hospital, but in rare cases patients need to continue Parenteral Nutrition for longer and learn to manage this themselves (Home Parenteral Nutrition or HPN). Further information on Parenteral Nutrition can be found on the PINNT website.